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Dudhwa National Park !


Lying in the Sub-Himalayan region is the vast expanse of Sal forest, interspersed with large stretches of grasslands, bordered with shinning streams, lakes and rivers called as Dudhwa National Park. This sub Himalayan region is referred to as Terrai belt. The Park is tucked between India and Nepal in the Lakhimpur-Kheri District of the Indian State of Uttar Pradesh. It was established on 1st Feb 1977.

 
GEOGRAPHICAL LOCATION:
The Park lies between 28^18’N and 28^42’N latitudes and 80^28’E and 80^57’E longitudes.
 
DISTANCES:
From Delhi (via Bareilly and Shahjehanpur): 450 km
From Lucknow (via Sitapur and Lakhimpur): 250 km
From Shahjehanpur: 110 km
 
AREA:
Dudhwa National Park: 680 sq km (including 190 sq km Buffer Area).
Kishanpur Wildlife Sanctuary: 203 sq km.
Total Area (Dudhwa Tiger Reserve): 883 sq km.
(The Dudhwa Tiger Reserve comprises of Dudhwa National Park and the Kishanpur Wildlife Sanctuary)
 

ECOLOGICAL IMPORTANCE:

Dudhwa is one of the most endangered ecosystems on the planet. It’s the last remnant of Terai region.
This ecosystem is the superb fusion of Sal jungles, Grasslands and swamps.
Out of the 47 species of mammals found at Dhudwa, 13 are endangered.
Dudhwa is a home to tiger population.
For some of the endangered species such as Swamp Deer, Cervus Duvauceli(called Barasingha in Hindi), this is the last refuge.
Dudhwa is the only place in the world where out of seven, five species of deer can be spotted namely swamp deer, sambar, barking deer, spotted deer and the hog deer.
Dudhwa has also rediscovered some of the endangered species like Bengal Florican and Hispid hare.
It has been hundred and fifty years when the last rhino was hunted to extinction. The natural habitat for one horned rhinoceros is the grasslands. It was felt by the conservationist that dudhwa could support the Rhino population. Thus in 1984, rhinos from Assam and Nepal were introduced. These rhinos were kept in electrical fences & their activities were strictly monitored. The number of Rhinos has increased to 17 besides initial hiccups.
The Park affects the water and climatic conditions of the region. This is absolutely essential for the human survival and agriculture (the main thrust of local economy).

 
FLORAL WEALTH OF DUDWA 
GRASSES: 31species. 
SHRUBS, HERBS & CLIMBERS: 107 species 
TREES: 89 species 
WETLAND FLORA: 34 species 
PTERIDOPHYTES: 7 species 
BRYOPHYTES: 5 species 
ALGAE: 17 species 
FUNGI: 13 species
 
FAUNAL WEALTH OF DUDHWA:
BUTTERFLIES: 37 species 
FISHES: 79 species 
AMPHIBIANS: 10 species 
REPTILES: 35 species 
BIRDS: 449 species (including Winter Migrants) 
MAMMALS: 47 species. 
ENDANGERED SPECIES (List 1 of the Wildlife (Protection) Act: 
MAMMALS: Hispid Hare, Giant Flying Squirrel, Ratel, Pangolin, Blackbuck, Swamp Deer, Fishing Cat, Leopard Cat, Leopards, Tiger, Sloth Beer, One Horned and Rhinoceros. 
BIRDS: Black Crested Baza, Bengal Florican, Great Indian Hornbill, Indian Pied Hornbill, Laggar Falcon, Shaheen Falcon, Red Headed Merlin, Osprey and Peafowl. 
REPTILES: Crocodile, Gavial, Gangetic Soft-Shelled Turtle, Indian Soft-Shelled Turtle, Peacock Soft-Shelled Turtle, Indian Tent Turtle, Terrapin Batagur Basak, Eastern Hill Terrapin, Shell Terrapin and Spotted Terrapin.